The temporomandibular joint, often referred to as TMJ, is a hinge that plays a crucial role in the functioning of the mouth by connecting the upper jaw with the lower one. The structure of this joint is located next to both ears. Problems in this bone are known as TMJ disorders.
Initially, the patient needs to perform certain tests and oral check up to ascertain the reasons behind the medical condition. In case if the patient is suffering from TMJ disorder triggered due to stress, the following exercises can help in easing irritation and assist in getting relief from the discomfort quickly.
Most commonly reported symptoms of this disorder are facial pain, locked joint, pain in chewing, clicking sound while eating, and feeling of tiredness or pain in the jaw.
Remember, the patient may require additional treatment in case if the TMJ pain is due to malocclusion, disc displacement, Osteomyelitis, Arthritis, etc.
1> Stretching Exercises
When it comes to chewing and grinding, masticatory muscles play an important part. Stretching and massaging jaw muscles with fingertips for a few minutes at least ten times a day can offer relief.
Another simple jaw stretching exercise involves merely opening the mouth slowly and closing it. Open your mouth slowly and spread it as wide as possible, keep it in the open position for a few seconds, and close it slowly.
Moving the lower to the left and right side slowly is another good way to stretch the TMJ.
2> Breathing Exercises
Also referred to as Equal Breathing, this simple form of breathing exercise requires the patient to inhale for four to five seconds, and then exhale slowly through the nose. It is considered as the primary step towards reducing the amount of stress.
3> Forward Jaw Movement
The exercise involves placing a wooden stick or plastic spoon between the upper and lower front teeth and moving the lower jaw forward and backward. You can also move the jaw slowly to the left and right side for a few minutes. Initially, you might experience some pain; however, the exercise would become more comfortable with time and help the jaw to recover.
4> Tongue Up
Tongue up involves placing the tip of the tongue on the mouth’s roof and gently applying pressure while slowly opening and closing the mouth at the same time. Doing it for a few minutes at least five to ten times a day can offer relief.
5> Partial Goldfish Exercise
It is almost similar to the goldfish exercise. Place the tip of the tongue on the mouth’s roof area. Then, the next step is placing your middle finger on the area below the chin and your thumb on the TMJ joint, in front of the ear. While your fingers are in position, let your lower jaw drop slowly and bring it up again to close the mouth. Repeat this exercise at least six times in one sitting.
In the case of unbearable pain, your dentist may prescribe muscle relaxers or painkillers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
If the problem is linked with Bruxism, using a custom mouth guard or mouthpiece prove to be helpful. Using a warm towel or hot water bag on the joint area can help in easing muscle tension. Physicians also suggest opting for acupuncture and physiotherapy techniques.
In case if nothing works, doctors prescribe corticosteroid or Botox injections as well as surgical interventions to ease the pain.
Dental issues can be the cause of TMJ disorder
Pain in the jaw can also be a symptom of abscess, malocclusion and gum disease. Infected or damaged teeth can put stress on the jaw resulting in jaw pain that can be experienced while eating. The best Roswell Dentists suggest teeth often slowly change their position due to the space created after tooth extraction. This results in misaligned bite, further causing the TMJ pain. Thus, not directly, but dental issues have been linked with the temporomandibular joint pain. If you are looking for the best Roswell Dental Care to treat temporomandibular joint pain caused due to dental problems, you should book an appointment with TruCare Dentistry.