Gum Surgery: Types & What to expect

Gum Surgery Types and What to expect

Gum Surgery, otherwise called Periodontal Surgery is done to treat the damages the gums have created to the tooth and tooth-related parts of the mouth. People may identify gum surgery as a cosmetic cure; while it cannot be neglected, there are different reasons. Gum surgery is done on a patient to avoid major complications like

  • Excessive Tooth Loss
  • Tissue and Bone Damage
  • Gaps between teeth
  • Bacterial and Viral Infections

Types of Gum Surgeries

Most gum surgeries are done to remove bacterial infections. However, due to certain chronic illnesses and the medication is taken to cure them may also cause Gum diseases. These are successfully done through Periodontal surgeries. Let us take a look at the types of Gum surgeries and what you may expect during and after the surgery.

  1. Flap Surgery: This is a common surgical method to remove excess bacteria formation on the teeth. There are instances where the bacteria forms in between the gums and the teeth. To remove that, the gums are flapped up, and bacteria are removed. 
  2. What to Expect: The surgery involves stitching of the gums after the cleanup. There are situations where the bone requires reshaping during this procedure.
  3. Bone Grafting: This is done when the bone that surrounds the root of the teeth gets damaged. This is a replaceable surgery where the old damaged bone is replaced with a new bone. The procedure is done to help teeth to regrow
  4. What to Expect: The bone that is required to replace can be the bone of the patient. It can also be a donated one, or there are technological advancements where artificial bones are manufactured to help this cause.
  5. Guided Tissue Regeneration: This is an effective procedure to stimulate tissue and bone growth. Thin membrane-like material is placed between the tissue and the bone so that they do not interfere with one another. This is an essential procedure to avoid overgrowth of bones or tissue that may cause many complications.
  6. What to Expect: For the treatment to be done, the dentists shall suggest Flap surgery to happen first to remove all the bacteria formation.
  7. Tissue Grafting: This is the same as the Bone grafting procedure where the Tissues are replaced. There are instances when the tissue may be damaged or missing. This is an effective surgical procedure that helps regrowth of the tissues.
  8. What to Expect: Here again, the tissue used to replace may belong to the patient himself or be procured from a donor. No artificial elements are used for this treatment.
  9. Crown Lengthening: This is a type of cosmetic surgery too. The gums that have grown lengthier than the teeth are cut off to make the teeth look longer.
  10. What to Expect: It is slightly painful when the gums are removed, and you will feel uncomfortable for quite some time.

Guide to Be Prepared Before and After the Surgery

The above mentioned are the Gum surgery types that are widely suggested by Dentists for Gum related problems. However, it is better to know how to get prepared for it as well as the after surgery process.

Pre – Preparation: It is better to get prepared for the surgery well in advance. It is highly recommended not to take any tablets like aspirin or even painkillers. As the surgery happens with a dosage of antibiotics, it must not affect your aftermath. Moreover, it is also recommended not to smoke or consume alcoholic drinks at least 24 hours before the surgery. These preparations are a must because it is better to avoid side effects thoroughly.

Finally, it is good to follow the Doctor’s instructions to prepare yourself for the surgery. Inform the same to your family members as they may also be cautious about the same.

Preparation During the Surgery: Most of it is done with local anesthesia. However, your cooperation is a must too. The doctors may apply a certain gel or ointments after the surgery. Ensure that it stays till the time the Doctor suggests you remove it. Also, take clear notes on Doctor’s to advise towards food consumption too.

Post – Surgery Preparation: Prepare yourself to have the wound healed. We must understand that the recovery process depends on the severity of your gum disease. You may find it uncomfortable, and also, at times, you will find the tooth bleeding. But it is suggested not to worry as they are normal. Please do not smoke or drink alcoholic drinks for a day to two till the wound is recovered.

There are a few surgical treatments that may not require you to brush your teeth. You may use a solution offered by the doctors. Please follow that diligently. If the Doctor prescribes you to avoid certain food items, kindly do that and stay healthy.


How much does gum surgery cost?

An average gum graft costs between $500-$3000 per tooth. The cost is usually covered under the insurance plan. But be sure to connect with the insurance company and dental clinic for insurance coverage.

How long does it take to recover from gum surgery? 

It usually takes up to two weeks to completely recover from gum surgery. Nevertheless, the time may vary from person to person and the type of surgery performed.

Is there an alternative to gum grafting?

Gum grafting is the minimally invasive procedure that corrects gum recession. It is highly recommended by the industry professional; however, connect with your dentist who can guide you about the alternative treatment of gum grafting (if any).

Are you asleep during a gum surgery? 

You will be asleep or partially asleep during the procedure as the dentist will give a local anesthetic to numb the gums. 

Does insurance cover gum grafting? 

Most of the time gum grafting procedure is covered with insurance. But, you should verify with the dental clinic and insurance company before going for the gum grafting procedure. 

How can I fix receding gums naturally? 

There are certain home remedies like saltwater or hydrogen peroxide rinse, consume food with omega-3 fatty acid, etc. These remedies might take more time to fix the receding gums, so it is better to consult your dentist for the best treatment for the same. 

Why would you need gum surgery? 

Gum surgery is the best possible alternative to treat gum disease. Depending on the condition of the gums, your doctor will suggest you the type of dental surgery and pre/post-operative procedures.

What type of doctor does gum surgery? 

A periodontist or a gum specialist is recommended for gum surgery. 

When can I brush my teeth after periodontal surgery?

Usually, after 24 hours of periodontal surgery, you will be able to brush your teeth. Your dentist will guide you about the do’s and don’ts after the surgery so do not worry. 

Do gums grow back after surgery?

Don’t worry about gums growing back after surgery. An excess gum tissue that is removed to reposition the gum line will not grow back.