What is dental sedation?
Dental sedation involves the use of medication for helping the patient to control the anxiety while undergoing a dental procedure.
Depending on the level of fear shown by the patient, the dentist can recommend the type and drugs. No matter if it is a simple procedure like tooth cleaning or invasive one like a root canal, sedation can be suggested for various treatments.
Different types of sedation
- IV moderate sedation
- Oral sedation
- Inhaled minimal sedation (laughing gas)
- General anesthesia (deep sedation)
How does dental sedation work?
Dentists focus on the patient's medical condition, allergies to medicines, and the level of dental phobia while selecting the approach and the type of sedation suitable for the dental procedure.
- Local anesthesia is often looked at as the first option to get the area locally anesthetized.
- The second preferred type is oral sedation that involves the use of a pill to put the patient into a twilight sleep. The patient becomes pre-relaxed and remains alert enough to talk to the dentist.
- In IV moderate sedation, the patient remains comfortable, interacts, but does not understand what goes on. Drugs can be injected through a vain in this process.
- Inhaled minimal sedation involves the use of laughing gas combined with oxygen. It is administered with the help of a nose-apparatus. In some cases, dentists use a combination of laughing gas and other forms of sedation to help the patient feel relaxed.
What’s the difference between sedation and anesthesia?
While under sedation, the patient remains awake and responsive. On the other hand, he or she becomes unconscious, remains under a lighter sleep after administering general anesthesia. The patient recovers quickly after remaining under sedation. It is recommended before performing minor procedures.
How safe is sedation dentistry?
It is safe when the patient gets treatment from a specially trained, experienced dental care expert.
Benefits of sedation dentistry
- Patient's dental phobia can be controlled with ease.
- The individual remains responsive to voices during the treatment and recovers quickly, without much of side-effects.
- These techniques can be used for treating patients before both, simple and complicated procedures.
Risks of sedation dentistry
- Patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, diabetes need to discuss their medical history with the dentist before starting the treatment.
- Most of the insurance firms do not cover the cost incurred for the procedure.
- The patient may experience headache, nauseous feeling, or drowsiness for a few minutes.
- Special precautions and preparations are required while administering sedative drugs and anesthesia to children below the age of 12.